Burn injuries in the home can be prevented

In the kitchen

  • Unattended cooking is the leading cause of kitchen fires. Stay nearby at all times when cooking, even with microwave ovens.
  • Keep children and pets away from cooking food. Enforce a "kid-free zone" of 1 meter around your stove when cooking
  • Turn pot handles inward. Never leave them sticking out where they could be bumped or grabbed by a small child.
  • Don't leave spoons or other utensils in pots while cooking.
  • Turn burners and ovens off when they're not in use.
  • Keep plenty of sturdy oven mitts or pot holders near your cooking area. Using a wet pot holder can result in a severe steam burn.
  • Do not toss wet foods into deep-fat fryers or frying pans containing hot grease or oil. The violent reaction between the fat and water will splatter hot oil.
  • Remove the lids from pots of cooking liquids carefully to prevent steam burns. Remember, steam is hotter than boiling water.
  • If a pan of food catches fire, carefully slide a lid over the pan and turn off the burner. It is dangerous to attempt to carry the pan to the sink.
  • In microwave ovens, use only containers designed for microwave use. Let microwave-cooked foods or liquids cool before carefully removing their covers.
  • If you turn microwave foods during their cooking cycle, remember that the oven may be cool but the containers and food are very hot.

Hot Water

  • Adjust your water-heater's thermostat to no more than 120 degrees F (49 degrees C) to prevent scalds.
  • Always turn on the cold water faucet first, then add hot water.

Child Safety

  • Keep matches and lighters out of children's reach -- up high, preferably in a locked cabinet. Use only child-resistant lighters.
  • Cover unused wall outlets with safety caps and replace all damaged, frayed, or brittle electrical cords.
  • Do not leave hot irons unattended.
  • Teach your children that steam radiators, stove burners, irons, and other familiar household objects are sometimes hot and can burn them.
  • Test bath water by carefully circulating hand and lower arm through it before putting children in the bathtub. Provide constant supervision while bathing children